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Table 3 Characteristics of current migrants’ mobility patterns, by sex

From: The evolution of gendered migration trajectories from Moldova & Georgia

  Male Female
  Total CIS EU Other Total CIS EU Other
MOLDOVA         
Average no. months abroad 30.1 30.3* 33.8 22.8 25.5 25.5* 36 24.5
Return pattern (%)         
 Circular/seasonal migration 64.1 74.1** 29.7 36.6 40.4 63.5** 22.5 26.2
 Annually 24.6 6.3 27* 30 34.8 8.9 39.1* 29.2
 Less than once/year 11.2 19.6* 43.2 33.3 24.6 27.6* 38.4 44.6
Reason for last migration         
No job in home country 49.4 54.4 33.3 35.3 41.7 46.9 37.3 40.5
Higher wages abroad 34.3 34.8 34.2 23.5 29.1 32.9 27.3 24.6
To enable specific expenditure 7.3 6.7 7 17.6 10.9 9.7 11.2 13
Family reunification 2.4 1.5* 6.1 2.9 5.3 4.3* 6.2 4.3
Study 3.4 0.8 13.2 5.8 6.1 1.2 11.2 5.8
Other 3.2 1.7* 6.1 14.7 6.8 4.8* 6.8 11.6
GEORGIA         
Average no. months abroad 53.1 75.7 50.7 26.9 47.4 73.6 51.6 31.9
Return pattern (%)         
 Circular/seasonal migration 23.2 12.7 7.5* 53.5 21.5 12.3 3.6* 47.8
 Annually 18.4 36 26.6 14.4* 24 31.5 13.7 7.7*
 Less than once/year 26.8 26.7 12.9 11.5 17.2 30.8 26.8 19.1
 Never returned1 31.5 24.5 53.1 20.6 37.3 25.3 55.8 15.2
Reason for last migration         
No job in home country 46.6 41.5 46.8* 51.9 52.1 35.7 54.4* 55.5
Higher wages abroad 13.7 17.6** 11.9 9.8 9.5 9.1** 9.4 10.2
To enable specific expenditure 7.8 8.4 4.8 9.1 7.3 4.5 5.8 10.2
Family reunification 9.4 11.5*** 11.1* 4.7 10.7 36.4*** 6.6* 6.7
Study 1.8 1.1 3.3 1.6 2.4 1.9 3.5 1.1
Other 20.6 19.9* 21.9 22.8* 17.8 12.3* 20.2 16.2*
  1. Source: CELB-MDA/GEO; Author’s calculations. Significant differences by sex: ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05. 1Having not yet returned was an answer option only in the Georgian survey.