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Table 2 Correlations between the dimensions of parental support and family characteristics

From: Behind the scenes: family involvement and educational achievements of second-generation Turks in Austria, France and Sweden

  Father’s education background Mother’s education background Parents’ host-language ability Length of residence in host country Family size
Austria
Vienna
Importance of parents 0.18* 0.16* 0.32*** 0.05 0.04
Parental support index 0.35*** 0.21*** 0.33*** −0.07 −0.04
Linz
Importance of parents 0.30*** 0.30*** 0.37*** −0.14 −0.11
Parental support index 0.39*** 0.40*** 0.45*** −0.16 −0.17*
France
Paris
Importance of parents 0.14 0.17* 0.26*** 0.04 −0.04
Parental support index 0.20* 0.30*** 0.32*** −0.03 −0.16*
Strasbourg
Importance of parents 0.14 0.20* 0.21*** −0.05 −0.11
Parental support index 0.24*** 0.32*** 0.32*** 0.01 −0.19*
Sweden
Stockholm
Importance of parents 0.01 −0.10 −0.16 0.13 0.10
Parental support index 0.19* 0.18* 0.27*** −0.06 −0.18*
  1. Source: TIES 2007–2008
  2. Notes: Significance level: *p < 0.05; ***p < 0.001