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Table 4 Binomial logistic regression of leaving school early for second-generation Turks (odds ratios)

From: Behind the scenes: family involvement and educational achievements of second-generation Turks in Austria, France and Sweden

  Austria France Sweden
  M1 M2 M1 M2 M1 M2
Importance of parents 1.05 1.11 0.82 0.96 0.85 0.90
  (0.12) (0.13) (0.09) (0.26) (0.20) (0.20)
Parental support index 0.58*** 0.67** 0.87 0.93 0.89 0.98
   (0.09) (0.14) (0.15) (0.23) (0.33)
Parents’ education level 0.63***   0.66**   0.71*
   (0.08)   (0.11)   (0.19)
Parents’ host-country language ability   0.88   1.12   0.93
   (0.11)   (0.17)   (0.15)
Capital city 1.65* 1.54 0.44* 0.50* n.a. n.a.
  (0.39) (0.37) (0.12) (0.14)   
R2 0.09 0.15 0.08 0.11 0.05 0.08
N 458 458 499 499 251 251
  1. Source: TIES 2007–2008
  2. Notes: Levels of significance: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001. n.a. = Not applicable. All models are controlled for age and gender