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Table 5 Binomial logistic regression of achieving post-secondary/tertiary education for second-generation Turks (odds ratios)

From: Behind the scenes: family involvement and educational achievements of second-generation Turks in Austria, France and Sweden

  Austria France Sweden
  M1 M2 M1 M2 M1 M2
Importance of parents 0.88 0.87 1.27** 1.26** 1.07 1.06
  (0.11) (0.11) (0.11) (0.10) (0.14) (0.14)
Parental support index 1.84*** 1.62** 1.05 0.94 0.99 0.96
   (0.27) (0.12) (0.11) (0.16) (0.18)
Parents’ education levels   1.37*   1.32**   1.16*
   (0.17)   (0.12)   (0.10)
Parents’ host-country language ability   0.96   1.11   1.00
   (0.14)   (0.12)   (0.20)
City (Capital) 0.65 0.68 2.63*** 2.45*** n.a. n.a.
  (0.17) (0.18) (0.61) (0.49)   
R2 0.09 0.12 0.20 0.16 0.05 0.11
N 458 458 499 499 251 251
  1. Source: TIES 2007–2008
  2. Notes: Levels of significance: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001. n.a. = Not applicable. All models are controlled for age and gender