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Table 1 Dimensions of analysis and theory-derived ideas on migration determinants

From: African migration: trends, patterns, drivers

  Role of development Role of states
Volume Emigration initially increases with development, to decrease at higher development levels. Autocratic and nationalist governments are better able and willing to reduce levels of emigration and immigration.
Direction Development leads to an increasing proportion of populations to migrate to other continents. Post-colonial relations stimulate migration to former colonisers, although this ‘colonial echo’ decreases over time.