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Table 1 Unemployment rates in selected EU countries, 2007–08 and 2012–13

From: Eurocity London: a qualitative comparison of graduate migration from Germany, Italy and Latvia

  Total unemployment (%) Youth unemployment (%)
  2007–08 2012–13 2007–08 2012–13
Core countries     
 UK 5.4 7.5 14.6 20.5
 Germany 8.1 5.3 11.2 7.8
 Netherlands 3.3 6.1 5.6 10.4
 Sweden 6.1 8.0 19.7 23.1
Southern periphery     
 Portugal 8.7 15.7 16.5 37.0
 Spain 9.8 25.4 21.9 53.7
 Italy 6.4 11.7 20.8 38.0
 Greece 8.0 25.8 22.5 56.8
 Cyprus 3.8 14.7 9.6 34.3
Western periphery     
 Ireland 5.5 13.4 10.8 27.5
Eastern periphery     
 Estonia 5.0 10.2a 11.0 20.9a
 Latvia 7.2 14.9a 11.9 28.4a
 Lithuania 4.5 12.4 10.8 24.1
 Poland 8.3 10.1 19.5 27.0
 Slovakia 10.4 13.9 19.6 33.3
  1. afigure refers to 2012 only
  2. Source: Eurostat, October 2013