Skip to main content

Table 11 The relational role of economic remittances

From: The economic side of social remittances: how money and ideas circulate between Paris, Dakar, and New York

Send economic remittances (marginal effects) 1 2 3 4 5 6
Age (years) 0.00163* 0.00242 0.00217 0.00240* 0.00265** 0.00331***
(2.43) (1.90) (1.83) (2.03) (2.70) (5.55)
Sex (female) -0.0590 -0.0637 -0.0608 -0.0537 -0.0551 -0.0409
(-1.18) (-1.16) (-1.18) (-1.38) (-1.47) (-1.09)
Length of stay abroad 0.00160 -0.000199 -0.000181 0.000312 0.000538 0.000335
(years) (1.08) (-0.32) (-0.25) (0.89) (0.65) (0.29)
Employed 0.160*** 0.151*** 0.149***    
(ref. unemployed) (7.20) (9.30) (8.44)    
Freq. of phone calls: daily 0.104 0.0946 0.0562 0.0701 0.0729 0.0458
(ref: every three months) (1.89) (1.69) (1.08) (1.31) (1.29) (1.18)
Freq. of phone calls: weekly 0.137** 0.135** 0.105* 0.109** 0.110* 0.0746*
(3.22) (2.79) (2.41) (2.72) (2.47) (2.57)
Freq. of phone calls: monthly 0.0574 0.0623 0.0396 0.0468 0.0487 0.0252
(1.41) (1.49) (0.94) (1.01) (0.98) (0.63)
Freq. of phone calls: none -0.0747 0.00271 -0.0188 -0.0215 -0.0177 -0.0260
(-1.25) (0.04) (-0.33) (-0.33) (-0.24) (-0.38)
Freq. Of visits to Senegal:   0.141*** 0.150*** 0.153*** 0.148*** 0.149***
more than once a year   (3.92) (3.72) (6.76) (3.50) (4.37)
(ref: every 2 - 3 years)       
Less than once a year   0.126* 0.129* 0.116 0.114 0.107
  (2.20) (2.20) (1.85) (1.62) (1.67)
Never   0.0128 0.0195 0.0261 0.0228 0.0269
  (0.28) (0.39) (0.50) (0.40) (0.62)
Member of a political party in Senegal    0.0809* 0.0700* 0.0699*  
   (2.28) (2.36) (2.43)  
Income: $16,000 to $40,000     0.167* 0.167* 0.150
(ref: <$16,000)     (2.01) (2.01) (1.74)
Income: over $40,000     0.194*** 0.189** 0.179**
(ref: <$16,000)     (5.02) (3.11) (3.09)
Education: High School      0.0000866 -0.0130
(ref. none)      (0.00) (-0.28)
Some College      0.0270 0.0113
     (0.59) (0.24)
Bachelor      0.0213 -0.00220
     (0.23) (-0.03)
Member of a political party at destination:       0.0540*
Yes (ref: no)       (2.02)
Plan to return to Senegal: yes       0.129***
(ref: no)       (3.49)
  754 754 754 754 754 754
  1. Note: Table reports average marginal effects of the logit specification. The marginal effects are evaluated at the means of the data. For binary variables, the marginal effects are the differences between the two categories of the independent variable. All regressions include country-fixed effects. T-statistics in parentheses (*p<0.1 **p<0.05, ***p<0.01). Source: SSU survey (DIAL, IRD 2012)