Skip to main content

Table 14 Variables of interest

From: The economic side of social remittances: how money and ideas circulate between Paris, Dakar, and New York

Independent variables Wording Nature
Age (years) Age (in years) Continuous
Sex (female) Sex Binary
Length of stay abroad Date of arrival in France/the U.S. Continuous
Occupation Current profession? Discrete (cf. Table 1)
Citizenship (single or dual) Current citizenship Discrete (cf. Table 1)
Income Total salary from regular job Discrete (cf. Table 1)
Educational attainment Highest degree obtained Discrete (cf. Table 1)
Dependent variables
 Frequency of phone calls How often do you call your relatives in Senegal? Discrete
 Frequency of visits How often do you usually visit your relatives in Senegal? Discrete
 Send economic remittances Do you send money to your country of origin? Binary
 Own a land/house in Senegal Do you own a plot of land in Senegal, a house, or an apartment, even in it is still in construction? Binary
 Own a business in Senegal Do you own a business or are you personally committed to any business venture in Senegal? Binary
 Plan to return to live in Senegal Do you plan to go back home definitively? Binary
 Vote in the country of destination Did you vote in any French/US election? Binary
 Vote in Senegal Did you vote:
- In the 2000 Senegalese presidential election?
- In the 2007 Senegalese presidential election?
Binary (1 if the respondent said “yes” to at least one item)
 Campaigned in 2012 Have you been personally active in the (2012) Senegalese presidential campaign? Binary
 Member of a political party in Senegal Are you/have you ever been member of a any political party in Senegal? Binary
 Member of a political party at destination Are you/have you ever been member of a any political party in France/the U.S.? Binary
 Voting advice given by migrants were followed (according to migrants) Did you encourage your family members to vote? Did they take into account your opinion? Binary (1 if the respondent replied “yes” to both questions; 0 otherwise)
 Voting advice given by migrants were followed (according to non-migrants) Did [this migrant] encourage you to vote for a given candidate? Did you take into account her/his opinion? Binary (1 if the respondent replied “yes” to both questions; 0 otherwise)
  1. Source: SSU survey (American, French, and Senegalese questionnaires). DIAL, IRD (2012)