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Table 8 The effect of emigrant destination

From: Financial remittances, trans-border conversations, and the state

  Emigration in the US Emigration in LDCs
  Ensure well-being Create jobs Ensure well-being Create jobs
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
Individual level and interactions
Contact 0.0131 0.0144 0.0147 ** 0.0161
  [0.008] [0.012] [0.007] [0.011]
Contact* % Emigration in US 0.000357 0.000566   
  [0.000] [0.000]   
Contact* % Emigration in LDCs    −0.000738** −0.00109*
    [0.000] [0.001]
Remittances −0.00748 −0.0206 −0.00629 −0.0197
  [0.028] [0.028] [0.028] [0.028]
Gov’t efficacy 0.0393*** 0.0337*** 0.0393*** 0.0337***
  [0.004] [0.004] [0.004] [0.004]
Political interest 0.0401 −0.0676 0.0319 −0.0766
  [0.075] [0.089] [0.074] [0.086]
Constant 5.644*** 5.764*** 5.634*** 5.757***
  [0.068] [0.080] [0.066] [0.077]
Country level
% Emigration in US −0.00425* −0.00343   
  [0.002] [0.003]   
% Emigration in LDCs    0.00830** 0.00783*
    [0.004] [0.004]
N 2 18 18 18 18
N 1 53830 53559 53830 53559
  1. HLM estimations. Sociodemographic controls are age, age^2, gender, education, marital status, employment status, race, socioeconomic status. Country Level variables centered around the grand mean. Individual Level variables centered around the country mean. Dummy variables are not centered. The slope of contact is allowed to vary across countries
  2. Standard errors in brackets * p < 0.1, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01