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Table 1 Share (%) foreign-born athletes by country by edition

From: Have the Olympic Games become more migratory? A comparative historical perspective

  ARG AUS BRA CAN FRA GBR ITA NLD SPA SWE USA TOT UNK
1948 3.5% 2.7% 0.0% 5.5% 5.7% 10.2% 6.5% 10.7% 1.5% 1.7% 7.0% 6.2% 21.0%
1952 7.3% 1.2% 0.0% 4.7% 6.9% 4.3% 2.6% 14.4% 0.0% 1.5% 5.9% 4.8% 19.6%
1956 3.6% 6.5% 0.0% 4.3% 9.5% 5.3% 3.9%    4.5% 7.4% 6.0% 22.4%
1960 3.3% 11.6% 4.2% 18.8% 13.0% 8.3% 2.9% 8.2% 0.7% 4.5% 3.8% 6.9% 0.6%
1964 0.0% 7.9% 3.3% 13.9% 6.5% 5.9% 5.4% 7.2% 0.0% 1.1% 5.5% 5.8% 18.7%
1968 3.4% 6.3% 3.9% 23.7% 7.5% 8.4% 2.4% 6.5% 1.6% 5.0% 3.9% 6.6% 1.9%
1972 0.0% 5.4% 2.5% 20.7% 4.0% 6.0% 2.2% 7.6% 4.1% 4.6% 6.3% 6.3% 21.2%
1976 0.0% 5.0% 0.0% 19.5% 3.9% 9.5% 1.9% 4.6% 1.8% 5.2% 4.5% 7.1% 21.1%
1980 0.0% 5.8% 0.9%   6.6% 9.1% 1.3% 4.0% 2.6% 4.1%   4.3% 30.7%
1984   2.1% 0.0% 16.2% 4.6% 9.2% 2.6% 2.9% 0.6% 4.0% 6.1% 6.2% 13.0%
1988 0.8% 6.0% 0.0% 21.6% 6.0% 5.5% 2.4% 4.1% 3.9% 3.8% 4.4% 6.2% 12.8%
1992 1.2% 7.9% 1.1% 19.3% 8.8% 7.3% 3.0% 6.5% 3.3% 4.8% 5.3% 6.6% 7.8%
1996 0.6% 10.1% 1.8% 15.8% 8.6% 5.7% 2.9% 6.7% 5.9% 3.4% 6.3% 6.7% 3.8%
2000 2.1% 13.9% 1.0% 17.0% 8.0% 4.8% 8.0% 8.2% 5.3% 2.7% 5.3% 8.0% 1.5%
2004 1.3% 10.2% 2.1% 12.5% 11.4% 5.3% 10.7% 12.4% 5.7% 7.0% 5.4% 7.9% 0.0%
2008 2.3% 9.7% 1.1% 13.9% 7.1% 8.2% 7.2% 11.0% 8.5% 5.7% 6.1% 7.7% 0.0%
2012 2.9% 11.1% 2.0% 12.8% 9.3% 13.0% 8.5% 11.0% 10.1% 3.0% 8.1% 9.2% 0.0%
  1. Source: Authors’ calculations