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Table 1 Descriptive statistics, respondents from the Netherlands and Sweden

From: Early tracking and immigrant optimism: a comparative study of educational aspirations among students in disadvantaged schools in Sweden and the Netherlands

Variable The Netherlands Sweden Min Max
Mean (std. d.) Mean (std. d.)
Doxic aspirations .4591652 (.4984805) .6229826 (.4847958) 0 1
Habituated aspirations .0931639 (.29075) .2143318 (.4104905 0 1
Grades 3.692075 (.9768092) 2.488702 (1.071432) 1 5
HE parents .2020569 (.4016559) .29051 (.4541444) 0 1
Female .5595886 (.4965867) .4887024 (.5000338) 0 1
Non-migrants .4010889 (.4902673) .5216269 (.4996934) 0 1
EU-parents .0205687 (.1419781) .1000646 (.300183) 0 1
EU-born .015729 (.1244626) .0548741 (.2278079) 0 1
TC-parents .4500907 (.4976534 .1969012 (.3977855) 0 1
TC-born .1125227 (.3161041) .1265332 (.3325567) 0 1
Age 16.96007 (1.235415) 16.58425 (.7634478) 15 20
Parents’ expectations .1506352 (.3578012) .5745642 (.4945686) 0 1
Teachers’ expectations .2728373 (.4455527) .3660426 (.4818769) 0 1
Peer study-attitudes −.1909591 (.9689289) .3268179 (.8611838) −4.088771 1.834592
Peer adult-life attitudes .1555228 (.8510057) −.1955836 (1.113068) −3.291466 2.352939
Female friends 3.113128 (1.220746) 2.92705 (1.318904) 1 5
N 1653 1549