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Table 4 Multi-level logit regressions. Habituated university aspirations

From: Early tracking and immigrant optimism: a comparative study of educational aspirations among students in disadvantaged schools in Sweden and the Netherlands

Variable Total sample The Netherlands Sweden
Grades 0.637*** 0.278** 0.838***
HE parents 0.350** 0.321 0.310
Female −0.384* −0.294 −0.451*
Non-immigrants (reference)    
 EU-parents −0.138 −0.259 −0.031
 EU-born −0.566 0.148 −0.619
 TC-parents −0.164 −0.263 0.005
 TC-born −0.000 −0.326 0.323
 Age −0.249** −0.207* −0.281*
 Parents’ expectations 0.917*** 0.933*** 0.878***
 Teachers’ expectations 1.043*** 1.398*** 0.794***
 Peer study-attitudes 0.370*** 0.283** 0.477***
 Peer adult-life attitudes 0.007 −0.106 0.065
 Female friends 0.156* 0.024 0.229**
 NL −0.908***   
 Constant −0.568 −0.497 −0.767
 Constant (Level 2) 0.107* 0.157 0.016
 N 3202 1653 1549
  1. Legend: *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001