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Table 3 Different transnational family characteristics and children’s health: Moldova

From: Migration and child health in Moldova and Georgia

  Model 7 Household type Model 8 Duration Model 9a Parental migration and caregiver Model 10 Remittances
Household type (ref. non-migrant household)
 Migrant household 3.09* [1.28,7.47]       
 Returned migrant household 2.93* [1.01,8.48]       
 Female * migrant household 0.52* [0.29,0.91]       
Duration of migration (ref. non-migrant household)
 Short period abroad    1.86 [0.74,4.62]     
 Long period abroad    3.18* [1.05,7.42]     
Parental migration and caregiver’s identity (ref. non-migrant: live with both parents)
 Father migrant: mother caregiver      3.55** [1.64,8.71]   
 Mother migrant: father caregiver      2.11 [0.46,9.60]   
 Both parents abroad: grandmother caregiver      4.33 [0.69,9.82]   
 Female * Father migrant: mother caregiver      0.41* [0.20,1.63]   
Remittances (ref. non-migrant household)
 Migrant household: no        2.81 [1.07,5.58]
 Migrant household: yes        2.15 [0.79,5.80]
Child is female 1.59** [1.14,2.22] 1.40* [1.04,1.87] 1.39* [1.04,1.85] 1.43* [1.06,1.91]
Age (in years) 1.04 [0.99,1.09] 1.04 [0.99,1.10] 1.05 [0.99,1.10] 1.04 [0.99,1.09]
Caregiver years of education 1.02 [0.97,1.08] 1.02 [0.97,1.08] 1.02 [0.97,1.08] 1.02 [0.97,1.07]
Good living conditions 1.55** [1.12,2.14] 1.59** [1.15,2.19] 1.47* [1.05,2.04] 1.58** [1.14,2.19]
Nr. of People per Nr. of Rooms 0.86 [0.70,1.07] 0.86 [0.69,1.06] 0.87 [0.69,1.09] 0.85 [0.68,1.05]
Number of children in household 1.08 [0.94,1.24] 1.07 [0.93,1.23] 1.07 [0.93,1.23] 1.07 [0.93,1.23]
Distant relationship with the caregiver 1.20 [0.54,2.67] 1.16 [0.51,2.65] 0.82 [0.31,2.16] 1.26 [0.56,2.81]
Happiness status caregiver 1.09* [1.01,1.16] 1.09* [1.02,1.16] 1.09* [1.02,1.17] 1.09* [1.01,1.16]
Chisinau (ref. Centre) 1.85* [1.06,3.22] 1.81* [1.03,3.15] 1.96* [1.11,3.46] 1.82* [1.05,3.16]
North 1.19 [0.87,1.62] 1.20 [0.88,1.64] 1.24 [0.90,1.69] 1.20 [0.88,1.64]
South 1.87*** [1.40,2.49] 1.86*** [1.40,2.48] 1.92*** [1.43,2.57] 1.88*** [1.41,2.51]
N 1394 1394 1394 1394
Wald χ2 64.53 68.78 76.92 79.92
McFadden’s pseudo-R2 0.11 0.09 0.08 0.09
Log-pseudolikelihood −2854.24 −2039.54 −1910.48 −2852.94
  1. Notes: Reported results are odds ratios; 95% confidence intervals in brackets
  2. *p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  3. aModel 9 omits children in the category ‘both parents abroad: other caregiver’, as this category contained too few observations for inclusion in analysis