|Main terms and definitions|
|Categories not comparable; see below and Tables 2 and 3|
|Definition of main terms:||
• Immigrant: ‘A person born abroad whose parents (or one of them if there is no available information on the other parent) are both foreign citizens or were born abroad. If there is no information available on either of the parents and the person was born abroad, the person is also defined as an immigrant’ (Statistics Denmark, 2017).|
• Descendant: ‘A person born in Denmark whose parents (or one of them if there is no information available on the other parent) are either immigrants or descendants with foreign citizenship. If there is no information available on either of the parents and the person in question is a foreign citizen, the person is also defined as a descendant’ (Statistics Denmark, 2017).
• Person of Danish origin: ‘A person – regardless of place of birth – who has at least one parent who is a Danish citizen and was born in Denmark’ (Statistics Denmark, 2017).
No official definitions|
• Individuals born outside Sweden are reported as foreign-born (N1).
• Children of immigrants born in Sweden are depicted as having a foreign or a Swedish background depending on the country of birth of the parents (N2).
• Individuals with a Swedish background who were born in Sweden or foreign-born individuals with two or one Sweden-born parents.
• Individuals with a foreign background who were either born in Sweden or are foreign-born and have two foreign-born parents. Foreign background is also used when Statistics Sweden publishes information on families and households.
|In official statistics published by Statistics Sweden, the terms ‘immigrant’ and ‘descendant’ are not used; consequently no definitions similar to those used in Denmark are provided.|
|Categories on which statistical information is reported:|
|Geographical area of origin||By country of origin (N3); continent; Western/non-Western (N4)||By country of origin; continent|
|Admission category||Admission category/residence permit (family reunification, work, education, au pair, interns, other, asylum)||admission category (refugee, family reunion, labour market, education, adoption, other)|
• Time in Sweden is based on the date of national registration, with a reduction for time spent outside Sweden.|
• Time since last immigration is based on the last time an individual was registered in Sweden.
|Other||Age, gender and Danish residential area||Age, gender and Swedish residential area|
|Categories not reported||Undocumented; illegal||Undocumented; illegal|
|Asylum-seekers||Reported separately in the Aliens’ Register||Reported separately in the Asylum-seekers’ Register||Asylum-seekers count as immigrants when recognized as refugees (N5), which results in them receiving a residence permit, a personal identification number and registration in the regular population registers.|