Skip to main content

Table 3 Percentage distributions in selected immigrant characteristics of post-1991 immigrants with an associate’s degree or higher from Eastern Europe and various foreign-born groups, 2006–2009 ACS

From: Segmented socioeconomic adaptation of New Eastern European professionals in the United States

  All EE EE women EE men Polish Russian Ukrainian N/W Europe Asian Black Hispanic
Professionals/Managers Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Individual-Level Variables
 Length of stay in the U.S. 13.5 12.5 13.4 12.3 13.6 12.7 13.3 13.9 14.4 10.9 11.6 12.7 11.8
 Age (Mean) 38.8 41.4 38.4 40.7 39.3 42.3 36.5 40.5 40.3 39.0 36.4 37.7 38.2
 Male 44.0 43.7 42.2 42.6 45.2 61.7 54.9 50.5 50.8
 Married, spouse present 69.9 69.7 70.2 68.7 69.5 70.9 66.3 71.4 75.0 67.9 71.3 53.5 61.6
 Northeast 36.0 36.0 35.8 34.5 36.4 37.8 37.9 40.2 40.9 28.7 24.0 30.7 16.9
 Midwest 20.6 26.4 20.5 25.4 20.6 27.6 36.1 12.6 15.1 12.6 15.8 12.4 8.9
 West 23.2 20.9 23.0 21.3 23.4 20.4 11.1 27.1 27.2 29.6 33.8 11.1 22.4
 South 20.3 16.8 20.7 18.8 19.7 14.3 14.9 20.1 16.8 29.1 26.4 45.8 51.9
 Survey year 2006 22.6 24.4 22.1 24.1 23.2 24.8 21.9 21.2 24.6 23.1 21.7 20.8 21.9
 Survey year 2007 23.9 26.2 24.3 26.0 23.4 26.5 23.9 25.7 22.7 24.9 23.9 23.5 24.2
 Survey year 2008 27.3 25.1 27.1 24.2 27.6 26.2 29.6 27.3 26.0 26.3 26.5 27.3 26.2
 Survey year 2009 26.2 24.3 26.5 25.7 25.7 22.4 24.6 25.8 26.8 25.7 28.0 28.4 27.8
 Belarus 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.7 3.8
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.4 5.3 3.4 4.5 3.5 6.5
 Bulgaria 6.4 5.0 6.5 4.5 6.2 5.8
 Poland 13.9 20.3 14.3 20.7 13.3 19.9
 Romania 10.4 6.1 9.9 6.0 11.2 6.2
 Russia 30.4 23.4 31.1 26.0 29.4 20.1
 Ukraine 17.8 20.9 17.4 20.5 18.3 21.5
 Other countries 14.2 15.4 14.1 14.9 14.3 16.2
 English proficiency       
  Do not speak English .5 3.6 .6 2.3 .4 5.2 .9 .4 .5 .0 .4 .2 2.7
  Speak English, but not well 4.5 20.2 4.5 18.2 4.5 22.7 4.8 5.4 4.9 .5 4.5 1.6 11.0
  Speak English well 26.1 36.6 25.3 35.6 27.1 37.9 20.5 31.4 34.5 6.8 24.1 10.4 27.8
  Speak English very well 59.6 33.5 60.0 36.9 59.0 29.0 63.3 54.9 54.4 44.4 63.7 50.6 53.6
  Speak only English 9.4 6.2 9.6 7.0 9.1 5.3 10.5 7.9 5.8 48.2 7.3 37.2 4.9
Education
 Associate’s degree 8.7 27.2 10.4 27.2 6.6 27.3 15.5 5.9 8.4 7.9 4.6 18.6 12.6
 Bachelor’s degree 38.0 49.1 40.2 49.1 35.3 49.2 35.4 34.9 40.8 39.4 44.6 46.9 51.6
 Master’s degree 34.9 19.8 34.2 20.1 35.8 19.4 38.5 36.6 35.4 31.4 35.1 22.3 21.6
 Professional degree 7.5 3.1 7.8 3.2 7.0 3.0 4.4 7.3 7.4 6.8 6.4 7.3 9.9
 Ph.D. 10.9 .8 7.4 .5 15.3 1.2 6.2 15.3 8.0 14.6 9.3 5.1 4.3
Occupation
 Managers 21.8 20.0 23.9 27.0 17.6 20.4 36.0 19.4 19.9 33.5
 Business and finance 11.9 15.2 7.8 12.2 11.5 13.3 9.8 10.9 12.6 11.3
 Computer 16.0 9.0 24.9 10.2 20.5 19.6 8.9 24.3 7.1 5.3
 Engineering 7.8 3.8 12.9 7.9 6.8 7.7 6.8 7.9 5.1 6.4
 Sciences 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.2 7.0 4.5 7.2 6.1 3.1 3.6
 Social services 2.3 3.0 1.4 3.0 1.7 2.8 1.5 1.5 7.4 4.0
 Law 1.7 2.3 1.1 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.8 .8 1.4 1.9
 Education 13.7 16.9 9.7 12.6 14.6 11.2 13.8 11.0 14.1 17.7
 Entertainment 6.0 6.6 5.3 7.6 6.2 4.7 7.6 2.9 2.6 6.4
 Healthcare 13.1 17.6 7.5 12.8 12.5 14.3 6.6 15.3 26.8 10.0
 Other white collar 30.7 41.0 17.3
 Service 41.8 48.2 33.5
 Manual worker 26.3 8.9 48.6
 Unemployed 1.3 1.9 .5
Personal income (mean) 60,527 30,613 47,660 23,507 76,913 39,755 51,840 62,655 62,647 94,420 63,307 50,430 49,062
 $0 or less 4.2 6.9 6.6 10.3 1.2 2.6 4.8 5.5 2.7 4.5 4.7 3.1 5.4
 $1 - $9999 6.3 12.8 8.7 17.3 3.4 7.1 6.9 6.6 7.6 5.4 6.2 5.7 7.3
 $10,000 - $19,999 6.9 17.9 8.9 21.5 4.3 13.2 6.6 7.1 7.1 5.1 7.1 8.2 11.3
 $20,000–49,999 32.5 46.8 37.2 42.8 26.7 52.0 38.6 26.8 29.0 21.2 25.7 4.2 40.9
 $50,000 - $79,999 26.0 10.9 24.4 5.7 28.1 17.5 26.6 26.1 27.5 20.0 26.8 26.1 20.4
 $80,000 - $99,000 9.8 2.1 6.7 1.1 13.8 3.5 6.8 11.6 12.5 10.5 12.4 7.2 5.4
 $100,000 or higher 14.2 2.6 7.6 1.4 22.7 4.1 9.9 16.4 13.6 33.2 17.2 7.6 9.3
 Self-employed 9.5 13.5 7.7 10.8 11.7 16.8 10.2 10.0 9.0 10.0 6.1 4.9 10.7
 Naturalized Citizen 54.4 45.0 56.6 45.0 51.7 45.0 45.0 56.9 69.1 14.4 28.3 40.9 29.8
Country-Level Variables
 GDP per capita <$5000 46.4 48.1 45.2 44.4 48.1 52.9
 Free countries 40.0 39.6 40.0 40.1 40.0 39.0
 Partly free countries 26.1 33.6 25.5 30.8 26.9 37.1
 Not free countries 33.9 26.9 34.5 29.1 33.2 23.9
 N 8871 5699 5045 3312 3826 2387 1178 2697 1602 9428 51,337 6544 13,143
 N weighted 188,523 133,678 105,598 75,215 82,925 58,463 26,167 57,254 33,589 181,692 1,143,777 167,502 295,363