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Table 10 Binary logistic regression: Interplay between social identifications, group discrimination and local voting probability

From: The relationship between social identification and local voting, and its interplay with personal and group discrimination among the descendants of Turkish immigrants in Western Europe

  Model A3 Model A4
Social Identification
 Turkish identification −.12 (.19) .20 (.11)†
 Islamic identification .02 (.06) .20 (.13)
Perceived Discrimination
 Group discrimination of Turkish-origin individuals −.21 (.23) .06 (.07)
 Group discrimination of Muslims −.08 (.07) .09 (.16)
 Personal experiences of discrimination .02 (.07) .04 (.06)
Control variables
 Age .07 (.02)*** .08 (.02)***
 Women (ref. men) .04 (.12) −.01 (.12)
 Middle education (ref. lower) −.30 (.40) −.20 (.48)
 Higher education (ref. lower) .25 (.51) .31 (.63)
 Hours worked per week .00 (.01) .01 (.01)
 Monthly income −.04 (.06) −.08 (.06)
 Language proficiency .13 (.03)*** .11 (.04)**
 National identification .25 (.11)* .21 (.10)*
 National-origin composition neighborhood −.03 (.07) −.02 (.07)
 Turkish best friend (ref. native best friend) −.58 (.19)** −.36 (.21)†
 Other origin best friend (ref. native best friend) −.18 (.21) .14 (.21)
 Islamic denomination (ref. Sunni)
 Shia .62 (.38) .72 (.44)
 Alevi .40 (.28) .45 (.29)
 Other Muslims −.10 (.10) −.09 (.10)
 Non-believer .22 (.17) /
Countries (ref. Austria)
 France −.00 (.33) .14 (.27)
 Germany −.37 (.41) −.56 (.36)
 Switzerland −.02 (.49) .20 (.45)
 The Netherlands .91 (.34)** .94 (.30)**
Interaction effects
 Turkish identification*Group discrimination of Turkish-origin individuals .07 (.04)  
 Islamic identification*Group discrimination of Muslims   .04 (.03)
N 1627 1229
Df 30 28
Prob>Chi2 .000 .000
  1. The results are reported in log odds, the standard errors are indicated in parentheses and the standard errors are clustered on cities
  2. Source: TIES survey 2007/2008; † p < 0.10 *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001