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Table 8 Categorical variables

From: The relationship between social identification and local voting, and its interplay with personal and group discrimination among the descendants of Turkish immigrants in Western Europe

  Total sample Religious sample
Count Freq. Count Freq.
Voted during last municipality elections
 Yes 909 55.9 672 54.7
 No 718 44.1 557 45.3
Gender
 Men 767 47.1 582 47.4
 Women 860 52.9 647 52.6
Education
 Primary 65 4.0 58 4.7
 Secondary 1215 74.7 930 75.7
 Tertiary 347 21.3 241 19.6
National origin best friend
 Native 457 28.1 267 21.7
 Turkish 985 60.5 822 66.9
 Other 167 10.3 123 10.0
Islamic denomination
 Sunnite 867 53.3 867 70.6
 Shiite 38 2.3 38 3.1
 Alevi 98 6.0 98 8.0
 Other Muslims 226 13.9 226 18.4
 Other/Non-believer 398 24.5
Missing
 Hours worked per week 659 40.5 540 43.9
 Monthly income 427 26.2 315 25.6
 National origin best friend 18 1.1 17 1.4
 National-origin composition neighborhood 62 3.8 39 3.2
Cities
 Amsterdam 158 9.7 132 10.7
 Basel 125 7.7 71 5.8
 Berlin 190 11.7 107 8.7
 Frankfurt 163 10.0 111 9.0
 Linz 146 9.0 84 6.8
 Paris 158 9.7 136 11.1
 Rotterdam 191 11.7 174 14.2
 Strasbourg 184 11.3 168 13.7
 Vienna 188 11.6 167 13.6
 Zurich 124 7.6 79 6.4
N 1627 1229
  1. Source: TIES surveys 2007/2008