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Table 2 Doubly Robust Estimations of Migration Treatments on Political Interest, Talk and Efficacy of Mexican Elections, Panel Waves 1, 2 & 3

From: Foreign connections and the difference they make: how migrant ties influence political interest and attitudes in Mexico

  Wave 1   Wave 2 Wave 3
Unweighted Average Outcome Weighted Average Outcome for Treated if in Control   Unweighted Average Outcome Weighted Average Outcome for Treated if in Control   Unweighted Average Outcome Weighted Average Outcome for Treated if in Control  
Treatment Group Control Group DRϕ Treatment Group Control Group DRϕ Treatment Group Control Group DRϕ
Interest in Politics
 Treatment 1 72.65 69.22 78.46 –5.81 82.95 77.53 83.02 –0.077 84.74 79.64 84.79 –0.058
 Treatment 2 66.67 71.03 74.07 –7.41. 84.7 79.76 78.14 6.52. 83.45 81.79 75.66 7.79*
Talk about Politics
 Treatment 1 43.01 36.67 38.61 4.41** 55.36 46.13 56.18 –0.82 49.82 41.36 44.86 4.96*
 Treatment 2 32.02 40.86 37.07 –5.05 48.88 51.25 46.52 2.36 36.55 47.01 42.92 –6.36
Treated Sample Size 847 Effective Sample Size 208        
Elections are Free and Fair
 Treatment 1 76.54 71.14 79.35 –2.81
 Treatment 2 75.91 74 83.99 –8.08*
Treated Sample Size 115 Effective Sample Size 497        
  1. Source: Lawson et al. (2007). Authors' calculations using doubly robust estimation with propensity score weighting in R. ϕ Doubly robust estimator is the unweighted treatment group average minus the weighted control group average. Note: Effective sample size is after weighting. Signif. codes: p < 0.10 *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001