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Table 1 Predicting political tolerance among immigrants in Sweden, considering time-related differences and involvement in learning institutions

From: Time for tolerance: exploring the influence of learning institutions on the recognition of political rights among immigrants

  Model 1 Model 2
Time in Sweden (log) 7.1 (2.6)*** 4.0 (2.7)
Female −0.6 (1.8) −0.9 (1.7)
Age −0.6 (0.4) −0.8 (0.4)*
Age squared 0.001 (0.004) 0.006 (0.005)
Pre-migration education 0.3 (0.2) 0.4 (0.3)
Swedish citizen −0.4 (2.2) −1.0 (2.4)
Refugee −2.1(2.3) −2.5 (2.2)
Origin (West = ref.)
 East −7.3 (2.7)*** −5.5 (2.7)**
 South −10.3 (2.4)*** −8.8 (2.4)***
Post-migration education   0.6 (0.2)**
Labour market position (Employed = ref.)
 Weak labour force attachment   - 5.3 (3.1)*
 Pensioner   −7.0 (5.5)
Associational activity (log)   0.04 (0.7)
Political participation (log)   4.4 (1.5)***
Constant 95.3 94.3
N 696 696
R2 0.086 0.130
  1. Entries are ordinary least-squares (OLS) estimates with standard errors in parenthesis. The sample is weighted to be representative of people who have immigrated to Sweden. The dependent variable political tolerance runs from 0 (no group is politically tolerated) to 100 (all four groups are politically tolerated)
  2. Statistical significance: ***p < .01, **p < .05, *p < .10