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Table 3 Descriptive statistics. Source: Author’ own

From: Contained or represented? The varied consequences of reserved seats for emigrants in the legislatures of Ecuador and Colombia

  Ecuador Colombia
Period 2009–2013 Period 2013–2017 Period 2010–2014 Period 2014–2018
N Percentage N Percentage N Percentage N Percentage
Emigrant speech
 Yes 124 1.5 197 4.7 34 0.3 96 0.9
 No 8,479 98.6 4,018 95.3 11,646 99.7 10,851 99.1
EMP
 Yes 312 3.6 148 3.5 128 1.1 187 1.7
 No 8,292 96.4 4,067 96.5 11,552 98.9 10,760 98.3
EDMP
 EDMP 1,664 19.3 1003 23.8 3,543 30.3 3511 32.1
 EMP 312 3.6 148 3.5 128 1.1 187 1.7
 Regular MP 6,628 77.1 3,064 72.7 8,009 68.6 7,249 66.2
Sex
 Women 2,013 23.4 1,580 37.5 1,851 15.9 1,555 14.2
 Men 6,591 76.6 2,635 62.5 9,829 84.1 9,392 85.8
Party in government
 Yes 3,652 42.5 2,531 60.0 7,996 68.5 4,465 40.8
 No 4,952 57.6 1,684 40.0 3,684 31.5 6,482 59.2
Rol
 Yes 1,317 15.3 709 16.8 11,227 96.1 827 7.6
 No 7,287 84.7 3,506 83.2 453 3.9 10,120 92.4
Total 8,604 100 4,215 100 11,680 100 10,947 100