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Table 2 Numbers of foreign-born footballers per selected national team at the FIFA World Cup (1930–2108)

From: Has the World Cup become more migratory? A comparative history of foreign-born players in national football teams, c. 1930-2018

National football team # Selected footballers # Foreign-born footballers % Foreign-born footballers
Nations of Immigrants
 United States of America 212 48 22,64%
Countries of Immigration
 Belgium 283 10 3,53%
 England 335 11 3,28% a
 France 329 62 18,84%
 Germany 423 55 13,00% b
 The Netherlands 223 16 7,17%
 Sweden 267 2 0,75%
 Switzerland 246 35 14,23%
Latecomers to Immigration
 Italy 400 20 5,00%
 Spain 335 15 4,48%
 South Korea 223 7 3,14%
Former Countries of Immigration
 Argentina 377 5 1,33%
 Brazil 465 0 0,00%
 Mexico 353 10 2,83%
 Uruguay 290 6 2,07%
  1. Source: G. van Campenhout
  2. a England’s percentage of foreign-born footballers is rather low, when compared with France, which partly derives from differences in citizenship regimes
  3. b In the case of foreign-born footballers in the national team of Germany, the Federal Republic of Germany (West-Germany) is taken as its forerunner. Players born in East-Germany are considerd foreign-born which, partly, explains Germany’s high percentage of foreign-born footballers