Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Pairwise comparisons of marginal linear predictions obtained from fixed effect models of different types of migrants on all low-wage occupations (ISCO 5 + 9) and for service and shop (ISCO 5) and elementary (ISCO 9) occupations, respectively. Marginal effects and standard errors (within brackets) are reported. Significant at 10% (a), 5% (b) and 1% (c)

From: Refugee immigration and the growth of low-wage work in the EU15

  (7a) LWO (7b) Service (7c) Elementary
LABMIG HIGH # UK & IRL −1.012b (0.327) −0.531a (0.268) − 0.481a (0.187)
LABMIG HIGH # CONTINENTAL − 0.618b (0.225) − 0.425a (0.185) − 0.193 (0.129)
LABMIG HIGH # NORDIC −0.402 (0.333) 0.403 (0.274) −0.805c (0.190)
LABMIG HIGH # SOUTH 3.125c (0.749) 4.826c (0.615) −1.701c (0.428)
LABMIG MID # UK & IRL −1.848b (0.593) −1.226a (0.487) −0.622 (0.339)
LABMIG MID # CONTINENTAL −0.852 (0.523) −0.449 (0.430) −0.403 (0.299)
LABMIG MID # NORDIC −2.612c (0.473) −2.750c (0.389) 0.138 (0.270)
LABMIG MID # SOUTH 0.173 (0.522) −1.063a (0.429) 1.236c (0.298)
LABMIG LOW # UK & IRL 16.444b (5.497) 10.860a (4.519) 5.584 (3.140)
LABMIG LOW # CONTINENTAL −0.439 (0.515) −0.268 (0.423) −0.170 (0.294)
LABMIG LOW # NORDIC −0.508b (0.184) −0.428b (0.152) − 0.080 (0.105)
LABMIG LOW # SOUTH −0.809b (0.312) − 0.581a (0.256) −0.228 (0.178)
Institution Yes Yes Yes
Globalization Yes Yes Yes
Technology Yes Yes Yes
Controllers Yes Yes Yes
Year FE Yes Yes Yes
R2 0.713 0.742 0.423
N 363 363 363
  1. The following variables are included: institutional (EU25, collective bargaining, protection against dismissals and temporary work), globalization (import share, FDI share of GDP), technology (investments, labour productivity, human capital and technological change) and controllers (wage levels and distribution and size of the economy)