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Table 4 Full variable list with description and source

From: Refugee immigration and the growth of low-wage work in the EU15

Variable Description Source
Dependent variables
 LowWage Low wage occupation (ISCO 5 & 9) share of total employment % EUROSTAT
 ServiceShop Low wage occupation (ISCO 5) share of total employment % EUROSTAT
 Elementary Low wage occupation (ISCO 9) share of total employment % EUROSTAT
Migration
 TOT Share of foreign born employed, in % of total employed EUROSTAT, OECD, UN
 LABMIG HIGH Share of foreign born employed from high-income countries as % of total employed EUROSTAT, OECD, UN
 LABMIG MID Share of foreign born employed from new EU, or medium income countries, as % of total employed EUROSTAT, OECD, UN
 LABMIG LOW Share of foreign born employed from low income countries (refugee migrants) as % of total employed EUROSTAT, OECD
 REFMIG Share of refugee migrants as % of total population UN
Institutional
 EU25+ EU25_Period (2004–2015 = 1, 0 otherwise) EUROSTAT
 GINI Gini coefficient of equalized disposable income EUROSTAT
 CollBar Adjusted bargaining coverage rate: proportion of all wage OECD
 EmpDis Protection against dismissals OECD
 EmpTemp Protection against temporary employment ICTWSS
Globalization
 ImpShare Import to GDP share in % Penn World Tables
 FDI Outward foreign direct investments as proportion of GDP OECD
Technology
 LP Labour productivity OECD
 HC Human capital level (pwt) Penn World Tables
 TechChange Technological change defined as total factor productivity growth Penn World Tables
 INV Investments as share of GDP OECD
Controllers
 RelWage Relative wage (country wage to EU average) % OECD
 LMsize Labour market size (number employed in thousands) OECD