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Table 1 Aspirations–capabilities-derived individual mobility types

From: A theory of migration: the aspirations-capabilities framework

        Migration capabilities
   Low    High
Migration aspirations(intrinsic and/or instrumental) High Involuntary immobilitya
(feeling ‘trapped’)
Voluntary mobility
(most forms of migration)
Low Acquiescent immobilityb Voluntary immobility
involuntary mobility
(e.g. refugees, ‘soft deportation’)c
  1. a(Carling 2002); b Schewel (2015, 2020); c See Boersema et al. (2014)