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Table 3 Types of collateral organizations

From: Party expats? Mapping transnational party branches of French, German and UK parties

  Independent collateral organization Cooperative connected collateral organization Affiliated organization Ancillary organization
Type of membership optional individual membership cooperative membership (individual optional) individual membership individual membership
Overlap of membership Partial partial partial full
Membership rights Individual collective (individual optional) individual individual
Type of organizational link Informal formal formal formal
Control of national party Low low high very high
Example Civil Society organizations which support and share political views with party Party Trade Union links Party Youth Movements Intra-Party Women Group
  1. Source: adapted and translated from Poguntke (2000, p. 38 - Table 2.1)