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Table 2 Individual equality dimension robustness checks (1980–2008)

From: Exchange rates and immigration policy

  (6) (7) (8)
MRERij 0.374c (0.161) 0.883c (0.352) 0.359d (0.206)
GDP per Capitaj (US$ in Thousands) 0.083a (0.018) 0.046a (0.013) 0.078a (0.016)
Immigrant Electoratei 0.070a (0.020) 0.027 (0.018) 0.057 (0.037)
Trade Union Densityi 0.008c (0.004) −0.003 (0.004) 0.010c (0.005)
Right-Wing Populist Vote Sharei 0.003 (0.005) 0.002 (0.004) 0.004 (0.005)
Polity Scorej 0.125a (0.016)   0.115a (0.018)
GDP per Capitai (US$ in Thousands) 0.003 (0.008)   0.008 (0.011)
GDP Growthi −3.675 (3.418)   −3.902 (3.642)
Real Effective Exchange Ratei 0.000 (0.003)   0.001 (0.004)
Immigration Policyi 0.032 (0.072)   0.027 (0.070)
Ln (Population)i 0.647 (1.079)   0.862 (1.396)
Population Share of Immigrantsi 7.406a (1.368)   7.993a (1.575)
Colonial Migration % from j in i   −0.474d (0.252) −0.010 (0.427)
Linguistic Proximity between i and j   −0.057 (0.101) 0.155 (0.248)
Country Fixed Effects
Year Fixed Effects
Observations 40 40 40
Countries 10 10 10
R2 0.976 0.943 0.977
  1. Ordinary least square analysis of the Individual Equality Dimension, measuring the extent to which migrants are entitled to various rights other than cultural and religious rights. The constant and year fixed effects are included, but not reported in the table. Panel-corrected standard errors are in parentheses. a, c, and d indicate statistical significance levels of .1, 5, and 10%, respectively