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Table 1 legislative structure of immigration control in Japan and the UK

From: Exploring the trajectories of highly skilled migration law and policy in Japan and the UK

Types of legislation Functions (examples) Japan UK
Primary Legislation Prescribing basic systems Immigration Act Immigration Act 1971
Secondary Legislation Clarifying definitions, Defining the overall policy directions Cabinet Ordinances Orders (Regulations)
Clarifying conditions, procedures Ministerial Ordinances Rules
Quasi Legislation Further clarifying details, showing administrative understanding Notifications Government Circulars
Operational Guidance
  1. Source: Immigration Act (Japan), Immigration Act 1971 (UK), Immigration (Leave to Enter and Remain) Order 2000, Immigration Rules: Parts 1 to 14