Skip to main content

Table 3 A typology of models of social protection in the context of COVID-19 pandemic

From: Towards a typology of social protection for migrants and refugees in Latin America during the COVID-19 pandemic

Country Assemblages of actors providing social protection to migrants and refugees during pandemic Modes of protection during the pandemic Migrant subjectification during pandemic
Brazil State-led with complementary role of IOs and Civil Society Rights based—adapted in the context of emergency Subject of rights
Chile State led and complementary role of IOs and Civil Society Rights based in principle, contingent in practice Humanitarian subjects
Colombia IOs and Civil Society led and complementary role of the state Contingent Humanitarian subjects
Ecuador Absent state, response led by Civil Society and IOs Marginal contingent Humanitarian subjects
Peru Absent state, response led by Civil Society and IOs Contingent Humanitarian subjects
Mexico Absent state, response led by IOs and Civil Society Contingent Humanitarian subjects
Uruguay State led and complementary role of IOs and Civil Society Rights based—adapted in the context of emergency Subject of rights
  1. Source: Own elaboration based on the evidence presented in Tables 1 and 2