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Table 3 Logistic regression analyses of propensity to migrate by country

From: Re-thinking the drivers of regular and irregular migration: evidence from the MENA region

  Algeria Egypt Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Morocco Palestine Sudan Tunisia Yemen
Socio-demographics
Male 1.26*** (0.15) 2.71*** (0.21) 0.09 (0.11) 0.59*** (0.12) − 0.23 (0.27) 0.57*** (0.12) − 0.13 (0.15) 1.07*** (0.13) 0.29** (0.13) 0.80*** (0.14) 0.61*** (0.13) 1.74*** (0.16)
Age − 0.06*** (0.01) − 0.09*** (0.01) − 0.02*** (0.00) − 0.03*** (0.00) − 0.03*** (0.01) − 0.02*** (0.00) − 0.02*** (0.01) − 0.06*** (0.01) − 0.02*** (0.01) − 0.04*** (0.01) − 0.03*** (0.01) − 0.06*** (0.01)
University 0.14*** (0.04) 0.03 (0.05) 0.10*** (0.03) 0.07** (0.03) 0.13* (0.07) 0.09*** (0.03) 0.12*** (0.04) 0.13*** (0.04) 0.16*** (0.03) 0.15*** (0.03) 0.15*** (0.04) 0.15*** (0.03)
Unemployed 0.13 (0.19) 0.63** (0.26) 0.16 (0.16) − 0.28 (0.19) 0.56 (0.47) − 0.15 (0.22) − 0.09 (0.21) 0.36** (0.16) 0.64*** (0.18) − 0.23 (0.18) 0.38** (0.18) 0.13 (0.17)
Unmarried 0.58*** (0.19) − 0.09 (0.23) − 0.05 (0.13) 0.32* (0.17) 0.17 (0.29) 0.24* (0.14) 0.41** (0.18) 0.21 (0.18) 0.51*** (0.15) 0.13 (0.15) 0.40** (0.17) − 0.13 (0.17)
High income − 0.02 (0.15) − 0.11 (0.17) − 0.23** (0.10) − 0.07 (0.12) 0.69*** (0.25) 0.05 (0.16) − 0.01 (0.17) − 0.12 (0.14) − 0.03 (0.13) − 0.05 (0.13) 0.14 (0.14) 0.22 (0.13)
Religious 0.25 (0.18) − 0.34** (0.17) − 0.32*** (0.10) − 0.31** (0.12) − 0.05 (0.44) − 0.09 (0.13) − 0.08 (0.18) − 0.52*** (0.15) − 0.38*** (0.13) 0.02 (0.14) − 0.09 (0.14) − 0.40*** (0.15)
(Perceived) economic and political context
Economic pessimism 0.20*** (0.07) 0.03 (0.09) 0.14*** (0.04) 0.16*** (0.05) 0.22* (0.12) 0.10* (0.06) − 0.01 (0.06) 0.23*** (0.06) 0.05 (0.05) 0.12** (0.06) 0.25*** (0.05) 0.23*** (0.07)
Perceived democracy − 0.04 (0.03) − 0.17*** (0.04) − 0.06*** (0.02) − 0.07*** (0.02) − 0.17*** (0.06) − 0.04* (0.02) − 0.03 (0.03) − 0.09*** (0.03) − 0.08*** (0.03) − 0.09*** (0.03) − 0.05** (0.02) 0.00 (0.03)
Perceived corruption § 0.14 (0.14) 0.37*** (0.09) 0.32*** (0.09) 0.36 (0.25) 0.44*** (0.09) 0.03 (0.12) 0.39*** (0.09) 0.15* (0.08) 0.32*** (0.09) 0.35*** (0.11) 0.36*** (0.09)
Access to migrant networks
Use social media 0.32*** (0.09) 0.21 (0.13) 0.06 (0.05) 0.10 (0.07) − 0.29* (0.16) − 0.03 (0.06) 0.32*** (0.09) 0.14 (0.10) 0.19*** (0.07) 0.03 (0.09) 0.18*** (0.07) 0.17* (0.10)
Trust social media 0.22** (0.10) − 0.07 (0.10) 0.17*** (0.05) 0.22*** (0.07) 0.03 (0.14) 0.16** (0.08) − 0.10 (0.10) 0.21*** (0.07) 0.18** (0.08) 0.13* (0.08) 0.21*** (0.07) 0.19*** (0.07)
Receive remittances 0.19 (0.15) 0.10 (0.14) 0.27** (0.12) 0.24* (0.14) 0.19 (0.26) 0.19* (0.11) 0.24 (0.17) 0.28** (0.13) 0.27*** (0.10) 0.13 (0.10) 0.41*** (0.12) 0.16* (0.09)
Psychological factors
Feel free to make decision 0.38*** (0.13) 0.05 (0.13) 0.11 (0.08) 0.08 (0.09) − 0.03 (0.24) 0.23** (0.10) 0.04 (0.12) 0.11 (0.10) 0.03 (0.09) 0.02 (0.11) 0.00 (0.11) 0.07 (0.11)
Stress 0.23* (0.12) 0.33** (0.15) 0.15* (0.08) 0.35*** (0.09) 0.27 (0.24) 0.16 (0.11) 0.35*** (0.10) 0.24** (0.11) 0.22** (0.10) 0.34*** (0.12) 0.29*** (0.08) 0.43*** (0.13)
Depression 0.13 (0.12) − 0.03 (0.14) 0.15* (0.08) 0.03 (0.10) 0.05 (0.22) 0.24** (0.11) 0.09 (0.11) 0.05 (0.10) 0.12 (0.11) 0.05 (0.11) 0.09 (0.08) − 0.08 (0.12)
Interpersonal trust 0.07 (0.26) − 0.36* (0.19) − 0.23 (0.19) − 0.37* (0.21) 0.97*** (0.30) 0.48* (0.27) − 0.40 (0.30) − 0.17 (0.18) − 0.28 (0.20) − 0.14 (0.19) − 0.44* (0.25) − 0.32** (0.15)
Constant − 4.14*** (0.88) − 0.34 (1.14) − 3.25*** (0.61) − 2.51*** (0.67) − 3.72** (1.69) − 5.21*** (0.76) − 2.75*** (0.87) − 2.48*** (0.73) − 3.13*** (0.67) − 1.87** (0.74) − 3.97*** (0.73) − 3.84*** (0.70)
Observations 2332 2302 2429 2325 1344 2395 1938 2298 2388 1714 2298 2339
  1. Missing variables imputed. Standard errors in parentheses. Statistical significance: ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1. § responses not available for country