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Table 6 Linear regression analyses of propensity to migrate by country

From: Re-thinking the drivers of regular and irregular migration: evidence from the MENA region

  Algeria Egypt Iraq Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Morocco Palestine Sudan Tunisia Yemen
Socio-demographics
Male 0.19*** (0.02) 0.33*** (0.02) 0.02 (0.02) 0.12*** (0.03) − 0.02 (0.02) 0.10*** (0.02) − 0.02 (0.02) 0.16*** (0.02) 0.04* (0.02) 0.16*** (0.03) 0.10*** (0.02) 0.22*** (0.02)
Age − 0.01*** (0.00) − 0.01*** (0.00) − 0.00*** (0.00) − 0.01*** (0.00) − 0.00*** (0.00) − 0.00*** (0.00) − 0.00*** (0.00) − 0.01*** (0.00) − 0.00*** (0.00) − 0.01*** (0.00) − 0.00*** (0.00) − 0.01*** (0.00)
University 0.02*** (0.01) 0.00 (0.01) 0.02*** (0.01) 0.02** (0.01) 0.01* (0.00) 0.02*** (0.01) 0.02*** (0.01) 0.02*** (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01)
Unemployed 0.03 (0.04) 0.08* (0.04) 0.04 (0.03) − 0.05 (0.04) 0.05 (0.05) − 0.03 (0.04) − 0.02 (0.03) 0.06** (0.03) 0.14*** (0.04) − 0.04 (0.04) 0.08** (0.04) 0.04 (0.03)
Unmarried 0.15*** (0.03) 0.09** (0.04) − 0.00 (0.03) 0.08** (0.04) 0.01 (0.02) 0.05** (0.03) 0.07** (0.03) 0.10*** (0.03) 0.12*** (0.03) 0.03 (0.03) 0.12*** (0.03) 0.01 (0.03)
High income − 0.01 (0.02) − 0.01 (0.02) − 0.05** (0.02) − 0.01 (0.03) 0.06*** (0.02) 0.01 (0.03) − 0.00 (0.03) − 0.02 (0.02) − 0.01 (0.02) − 0.01 (0.03) 0.02 (0.03) 0.03* (0.02)
Religious 0.03 (0.02) − 0.04* (0.02) − 0.06*** (0.02) − 0.06** (0.02) − 0.01 (0.03) − 0.01 (0.02) − 0.01 (0.03) − 0.07*** (0.02) − 0.06*** (0.02) 0.00 (0.03) − 0.02 (0.02) − 0.05*** (0.02)
(Perceived) economic and political context
Economic pessimism 0.03** (0.01) 0.01 (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.02** (0.01) 0.02* (0.01) − 0.00 (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.01 (0.01) 0.02* (0.01) 0.04*** (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01)
Perceived democracy − 0.01 (0.00) − 0.02*** (0.01) − 0.01*** (0.00) − 0.01*** (0.00) − 0.01*** (0.01) − 0.01* (0.00) − 0.00 (0.00) − 0.01*** (0.00) − 0.01*** (0.00) − 0.02*** (0.01) − 0.01** (0.00) − 0.00 (0.00)
Perceived corruption § 0.02 (0.02) 0.06*** (0.01) 0.06*** (0.02) 0.02 (0.01) 0.07*** (0.01) 0.00 (0.02) 0.06*** (0.01) 0.02** (0.01) 0.06*** (0.02) 0.05*** (0.01) 0.05*** (0.01)
Access to migrant networks
Use social media 0.05*** (0.01) 0.02 (0.02) 0.01 (0.01) 0.02 (0.01) − 0.02** (0.01) − 0.00 (0.01) 0.05*** (0.02) 0.01 (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.01 (0.02) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.02 (0.01)
Trust social media 0.03** (0.01) − 0.01 (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.04*** (0.01) − 0.00 (0.01) 0.03** (0.01) − 0.01 (0.02) 0.04*** (0.01) 0.03** (0.01) 0.03 (0.02) 0.03*** (0.01) 0.03*** (0.01)
Receive remittances 0.02 (0.02) 0.03 (0.02) 0.05** (0.02) 0.05** (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.03* (0.02) 0.04 (0.03) 0.04*** (0.01) 0.05*** (0.02) 0.02 (0.02) 0.07*** (0.02) 0.02** (0.01)
Psychological factors
Feel free to make decision 0.05*** (0.02) 0.00 (0.02) 0.02 (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) − 0.00 (0.02) 0.04** (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.01 (0.01) 0.01 (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.00 (0.02) 0.01 (0.01)
Stress 0.03 (0.02) 0.04* (0.02) 0.03* (0.02) 0.07*** (0.02) 0.02 (0.02) 0.03* (0.02) 0.05*** (0.02) 0.03* (0.02) 0.03* (0.02) 0.08*** (0.03) 0.05*** (0.01) 0.06*** (0.02)
Depression 0.02 (0.02) 0.00 (0.02) 0.03* (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.04** (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.02 (0.02) − 0.00 (0.03) 0.01 (0.01) − 0.01 (0.01)
Interpersonal trust 0.02 (0.03) − 0.03 (0.02) − 0.03 (0.03) − 0.07* (0.04) 0.08*** (0.03) 0.09* (0.05) − 0.05 (0.04) − 0.01 (0.02) − 0.04 (0.03) − 0.03 (0.04) − 0.06* (0.03) − 0.04** (0.02)
Constant − 0.21* (0.11) 0.28** (0.13) − 0.15 (0.11) − 0.01 (0.13) 0.04 (0.12) − 0.45*** (0.12) − 0.04 (0.13) 0.05 (0.10) − 0.11 (0.11) 0.11 (0.15) − 0.21* (0.11) − 0.16* (0.08)
Observations 2332 2302 2429 2325 1344 2395 1938 2298 2388 1714 2298 2339
  1. Missing variables imputed. Standard errors in parentheses. Statistical significance: ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1. § responses not available for country