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Table 1 Transnational criminal remittances by organization type

From: Transnational gangs and criminal remittances: a conceptual framework

Organization type Criminal remittances Motivation for transnationalization Agency for remittances Transnational organizational capacity Examples
Traditional international cartel Organizational structure, personnel, and other resources for trafficking Control and expansion of cross-border smuggling routes; integration of supply chains Organization High Sicilian Mafia, Sinaloa Cartel
Diaspora gang Potential recruits, extortion victims, information Deportation of undesirable migrants State Medium MS-13, Barrio 18
Outlaw motorcycle club Franchise model, subcultural group identity Initiative by aspiring franchise leaders Individual Low Satudarah, Hells Angels, Bandidos