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Table 7 The extent of parental and sibling support during compulsory school, by group and city

From: Behind the scenes: family involvement and educational achievements of second-generation Turks in Austria, France and Sweden

  Austria France Sweden
  Vienna Linz Paris Strasbourg Stockholm
  2 GT CG 2 GT CG 2 GT CG 2 GT CG 2 GT CG
Full sample
PSI 3.0 2.9 3.2 2.9** 2.9 3.3*** 2.8 3.4*** 2.5 2.5
SSI 2.1 1.5*** 2.4 1.7*** 1.9 1.7 2.3 1.6*** 2.1 1.7***
Only parents with lower-secondary education or below
PSI 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.6 3.2* 2.4 2.3
SSI 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.4 2.0 2.4 2.2
  1. Source: TIES 2007–2008
  2. Notes: PSI = Parental support index. SSI = Sibling support index. Levels of significance (t-test, two-sided): group means are statistically significant on *p < 0.05 level; **p < 0.01 level; ***p < 0.001 level. 2GT = Second-generation Turks. CG = Comparison group