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Table 2 Transnational political practices (descriptive statistics)

From: The economic side of social remittances: how money and ideas circulate between Paris, Dakar, and New York

  USAa Francea Pooleda
Sex and age
 Total population (N) 196 558 754
 Male (%) 71.4 72.4 72.1
 Female (%) 28.6 27.6 27.9
Marital status
 Population 15 years and over (N) 196 558 754
 Now married (inc. separated, %) 66.3 60.8 0.6
 Widowed (%) 1 1.4 1.3
 Divorced (%) 6.5 4.6 5.1
 Never married (%) 24.6 31.7 29.9
Educational attainment
 Population 25 years and over (N) 196 558 754
 Less than high school diploma (%) 26.1 20.9 22.2
 High school graduate (includes equivalency, %) 10.6 21.2 18.4
 Some college or associate’s degree (%) 30.2 22.5 24.5
 Bachelor’s degree and above (%) 33.2 35.5 34.9
Years of arrival
 Population born outside the United States/France (N) 196 558 754
 Entered 2010 or later for the US/2007 or later for France (%) 27.6 18.0 20.5
 Entered 2000 to 2009 / 2000 to 2007 (%) 16.6 28.3 25.3
 Entered before 2000 (%) 34.2 19.4 23.3
 Entered 1990 to 2000 (%) 9.5 14.4 13.2
 Entered before 1980 (%) 0.5 12.8 9.6
 NR (%) 11.6 7.0 8.2
Employment status
 Population 16 years and over (N) 196 558 754
 Employed (%) 78.7 78.1 78.4
 Unemployed (%) 14.3 8.2 11.2
 Not in labor force/unknown (%) 7.0 14.7 10.8
Citizenship % % %
  Senegalese only 81,7 60,8 66,2
  Dual citizenship 18,3 39,2 33,8
Main motive for migrating (%)
  Work 25 12,8 16
  Looking for work 14,4 15,3 15
  Health issues 0,5 0,6 0,6
  School/professional training 27,1 42 38,1
  Problems with your marriage 0,5 0,6 0,6
  Following/joining family members 15,4 24,8 22,3
  Looking for independence 3,2 1,3 1,8
  Other reason 13,8 2,7 5,6
 Transnational practices in two destination countries
 Frequency of phone calls
  No contact 4,5 3 3,4
  Daily 16,6 22,5 20,9
  Weekly 41,2 49,6 47,4
  Monthly 1 19,6 14,7
  NR 36,7 5,3 13,6
 Frequency of visits
  Never 16,6 9,3 11,2
  At least once a year 5,1 11,4 9,7
  At least once in the past 33,7 70,2 60,7
  NR 44,7 9,1 18,4
 Send economic remittances
  No 20,6 19,6 19,9
  Yes 79,4 80,4 80,1
  Own land/house in Senegal 60,3 51 53,4
  Own a business in Senegal 15,1 11,8 12,6
  Plan to return to live in Senegal 74,9 73,4 73,8
  Vote in the country of destination if double citizenship (N= 256) 75 71,4 71,9
  Vote in Senegal (N= 754) 58.3 40 42.6
 Vote at destination - for dual citizenship holders No Yes Total
  No 40,1 11,9 28,1
  Yes 59,9 88,1 71,9
  N (Obs.) 196 558 754
  1. Source: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, DIAL, “Sondage Sorties des Urnes” (SSU, 2012). a Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, DIAL, “Sondage Sorties des Urnes” (2012)