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Table 1 Financial vs. social remittances and the role of the state (baseline models)

From: Financial remittances, trans-border conversations, and the state

  Create jobs Ensure well-being Reduce inequality Create jobs Ensure well-being Reduce inequality
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Remittances 0.026 0.014 0.043    
  [0.026] [0.027] [0.026]    
Family Abroad 0.048 ** 0.042 ** 0.0311*    
  [0.019] [0.020] [0.019]    
Dependence     −0.000755 −0.00290 0.00671
     [0.009] [0.010] [0.009]
Contact     0.0221 *** 0.0176 ** 0.0110*
     [0.006] [0.007] [0.006]
Gov’t efficacy 0.018*** 0.024*** 0.031*** 0.0183*** 0.0232*** 0.0302***
  [0.005] [0.005] [0.005] [0.005] [0.005] [0.005]
Political interest 0.019** −0.014* −0.035*** 0.0193** −0.0137* −0.0353***
  [0.007] [0.008] [0.007] [0.007] [0.008] [0.007]
Intercept 5.739*** 5.114*** 5.680*** 5.734*** 5.114*** 5.683***
  [0.070] [0.072] [0.070] [0.070] [0.072] [0.070]
Observations 54089 53910 53796 53951 53773 53654
R 2 0.060 0.041 0.061 0.061 0.042 0.061
Sociodemographic controls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Country fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Year fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
  1. Sociodemographic controls are age, age^2, gender, education, marital status, employment status race, socioeconomic status
  2. Robust standard errors in brackets *p < 0.1 **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01