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Table 3 Multi-level logit regressions. The effects of significant others on Dutch & Swedish students’ doxic university aspirations

From: Early tracking and immigrant optimism: a comparative study of educational aspirations among students in disadvantaged schools in Sweden and the Netherlands

Variable The Netherlands Sweden
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 (full) Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 (full)
Grades 0.209*** 0.201** 0.110 0.807*** 0.783*** 0.501***
HE parents 0.679*** 0.686*** 0.558*** 0.252 0.279 −0.041
Female 0.293* 0.200 0.243 0.553*** 0.309 0.146
Non-immigrants (reference)    
 EU-parents −0.102 −0.110 −0.421 0.704** 0.656** −0.123
 EU-born 1.153* 1.125* 0.890 0.769** 0.702* 0.047
 TC-parents 0.566*** 0.538*** 0.346* 1.057*** 1.067*** 0.385
 TC-born 0.391* 0.367 −0.072 1.633*** 1.590*** 0.804**
 Age −0.129* −0.137* −0.133* −0.392*** −0.378*** −0.309**
 Parents’ expectations    1.170***    2.070***
 Teachers’ expectations    1.613***    1.127***
 Peer study-attitudes   0.174** 0.094   0.414*** 0.299***
 Peer adult-life attitudes   0.011 −0.023   −0.042 −0.074
 Female friends   0.021 −0.016   0.087 0.184*
 Constant 0.611 0.799 0.650 4.175* 3.759* 2.219
 Constant (Level 2) 1.036** 1.036** 1.110* 0.295** 0.247* 0.075
 N 1653 1653 1653 1549 1549 1549
  1. Legend: *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001