Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Different transnational family characteristics and children’s health: Georgia

From: Migration and child health in Moldova and Georgia

  Model 11 Household type Model 12 Duration Model 13a Parental migration and caregiver Model 14 Remittances
Household type (ref. non-migrant household)
 Migrant household 3.58* [1.19,9.73]       
 Returned migrant household 5.28 [0.48,6.21]       
 Female * migrant household 0.38** [0.18,0.79]       
Duration of migration (ref. non-migrant household)
 Short period abroad    1.61 [0.44,5.80]     
 Long period abroad    8.74** [1.93,19.56]     
 Female * Long period abroad    0.19** [0.06,0.57]     
Parental migration and caregiver’s identity (ref. non-migrant: live with both parents)
 Father migrant: mother caregiver      7.39* [1.31,16.77]   
 Mother migrant: father caregiver      2.05 [0.17,21.01]   
 Both parents abroad: grandmother caregiver      0.71 [0.01,6.76]   
 Female * Father migrant: mother caregiver      0.23* [0.07,0.72]   
Remittances (ref. non-migrant household)
 Migrant household: no        1.67 [0.40,6.97]
 Migrant household: yes        2.82* [1.01,7.85]
 Female * Migrant household: yes        0.39** [0.20,0.76]
Child is female 1.79** [1.18,2.71] 1.54* [1.05,2.26] 1.53* [1.03,2.28] 1.59* [1.07,2.38]
Age (in years) 0.99 [0.92,1.08] 0.99 [0.91,1.07] 0.99 [0.91,1.08] 0.99 [0.91,1.07]
Caregiver years of education 1.03 [0.95,1.11] 1.03 [0.95,1.11] 1.03 [0.95,1.11] 1.02 [0.95,1.10]
Good living conditions 1.14 [0.73,1.79] 1.18 [0.75,1.85] 1.18 [0.74,1.88] 1.17 [0.74,1.83]
Nr. of People per Nr. of Rooms 0.99 [0.81,1.21] 0.98 [0.80,1.19] 1.01 [0.82,1.24] 0.97 [0.79,1.18]
Number of children in household 0.88 [0.68,1.15] 0.89 [0.68,1.15] 0.86 [0.66,1.13] 0.89 [0.69,1.15]
Distant relationship with the caregiver 1.50 [0.48,4.66] 1.49 [0.48,4.68] 1.31 [0.35,4.84] 1.50 [0.48,4.66]
Happiness status caregiver 1.00 [0.92,1.10] 1.01 [0.92,1.10] 1.02 [0.92,1.10] 1.01 [0.92,1.10]
Guria (ref. Tbilisi) 0.73 [0.21,2.48] 0.68 [0.20,2.25] 0.67 [0.21,2.12] 0.73 [0.21,2.47]
Adjara 2.11* [1.16,3.84] 2.13* [1.17,3.88] 2.31** [1.23,4.32] 2.07* [1.13,3.77]
Shida-Kartli 4.64** [1.78,12.0] 4.72** [1.83,12.16] 4.73** [1.82,12.2] 4.63** [1.80,11.90]
Kaxeti 4.76** [1.86,12.2] 4.69** [1.82,12.06] 6.20*** [2.39,16.11] 4.59** [1.78,11.87]
Kvemo-Kartli 3.25** [1.60,6.60] 3.26*** [1.65,6.43] 3.34*** [1.66,6.68] 3.16*** [1.60,6.22]
Samegrelo 15.5*** [6.30,38.5] 15.35*** [6.23,37.80] 15.40*** [6.25,37.92] 15.14*** [6.15,37.28]
Imereti 0.80 [0.46,1.41] 0.79 [0.46,1.38] 0.83 [0.47,1.46] 0.78 [0.45,1.36]
Samcxe-Javaxeti 1.65 [0.60,4.52] 1.61 [0.61,4.46] 1.56 [0.53,4.42] 1.62 [0.60,4.39]
Mcxeta-Tianeti 0.75 [0.26,2.07] 0.75 [0.27,2.10] 0.88 [0.30,2.57] 0.77 [0.27,2.15]
N 1018 1018 1018 1018
Wald χ2 106.86 105.83 109.45 106.85
McFadden’s pseudo-R2 0.18 0.15 0.19 0.18
Log-pseudolikelihood −576.32 −502.93 −434.76 −523.93
  1. Notes: Reported results are odds ratios; 95% confidence intervals in brackets
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  3. aModel 13 omits children in the category ‘both parents abroad: other caregiver’, as this category contained too few observations for inclusion in analysis