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Table 3 Descriptive statistics on the variables used for analysis

From: A migration effect? Comparing the acculturation of Russian migrant populations in Western Europe to Russians in three former soviet countries on attitudes towards government responsibility

  Diaspora Migrants
Respondents’ attitudes
 Standard of living for the sick (mean 1–4) 3.81 3.80
 Standard of living for the old (mean 1–4) 3.85 3.78
 Standard of living for the unemployed (mean 1–4) 3.49 3.28
 Redistribution between rich and poor (mean 1–4) 3.39 2.89
Age
  > 56 79.9% 13.1%
 55–40 15.9% 36.1%
 39–25 3.9% 39.3%
  < 25 0.2% 11.4%
Gender
 Male 25.4% 32.2%
 Female 74.6% 67.8%
Religiosity (mean 1–4) 2.61 1.99
Income in quartiles (mean 1–4) 2.12 2.28
Education
 ISCED 0 8.0% 1.6%
 ISCED 1 18.0% 0.2%
 ISCED 2 14.5% 2.4%
 ISCED 3 17.1% 16.9%
 ISCED 4 18.5% 9.2%
 ISCED 5 8.1% 67.5%
 ISCED 6 15.5% 2.2%
Social trust (mean 1–5) 2.92 2.97
Natives’ attitudes
 Standard of living for the sick (mean 1–4) 3.67 3.75
 Standard of living for the old (mean 1–4) 3.68 3.62
 Standard of living for the unemployed (mean 1–4) 3.26 3.15
 Redistribution between rich and poor (mean 1–4) 3.25 2.94
N total 432 984
  1. Note: Based on merging ESS and MIFARE data