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Table 9 Estimates of OLS regression models predicting logged personal income of post-1991 immigrants from Eastern Europe with an associate’s degree or higher, 2006–2009 ACS

From: Segmented socioeconomic adaptation of New Eastern European professionals in the United States

Predictor Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
B β B β B β B β
Constant 3.144***   3.134***   3.142***   3.160***  
Length of stay .022*** (.001) .217 .023*** (.001) .224 .022*** (.001) .217 .022*** (.001) .221
Age .001* (.000) .027 .001* (.001) .027 .001* (.000) .027 .001** (.001) .030
Male .219*** (.008) .238 .217*** (.008) .236 .218*** (.008) .238 .218*** (.008) .238
Married, spouse present .008 (.009) .008 .009 (.009) .009 .008 (.009) .008 .010 (.009) .010
U.S. Region (ref. = Northeast)
 Midwest −.028* (.011) −.025 −.035** (.011) −.032 −.028* (.011) −.025 −.035** (.011) −.032
 West −.013 (.011) −.012 −.016 (.011) −.015 −.013 (.011) −.012 −.012 (.011) −.011
 South −.044*** (.011) −.038 −.051*** (.011) −.043 −.044*** (.011) −.038 −.046*** (.011) −.039
Survey year (ref. = 2006)
 Survey year 2007 .026* (.012) .025 .026* (.012) .024 .026* (.012) .025 .026* (.012) .025
 Survey year 2008 .066*** (.012) .064 .066*** (.012) .064 .066*** (.012) .064 .066*** (.012) .064
 Survey year 2009 .074*** (.012) .070 .074*** (.012) .071 .074*** (.012) .070 .075*** (.012) .071
English proficiency .050*** (.006) .093 .045*** (.006) .084 .050*** (.006) .093 .048*** (.006) .089
Education .047*** (.004) .107 .047*** (.004) .107 .047*** (.004) .107 .047*** (.004) .107
Professional/Managerial occupation .198*** (.010) .213 .198*** (.010) .212 .198*** (.010) .213 .199*** (.010) .214
Self-employed −.091*** (.017) −.063 −.092*** (.017) −.064 −.091*** (.017) −.063 −.094*** (.017) −.065
Country of origin (ref. = Ukraine)
 Belarus    −.016 (.023) −.006     
 Bosnia/Herzegovina    .034 (.018) .015     
 Bulgaria    .045* (.019) .023     
 Poland    .018 (.014) .015     
 Romania    .078*** (.016) .048     
 Russia    .011 (.012) .011     
 Other    .032* (.014) .024     
GDP per capita <$5000      .003 (.008) .003   
Personal freedom (ref. = free countries)
Partly free        −.035*** (.010) −.035
Not free        −.034*** (.010) −.034
R2 (adjusted) .230   .233   .230   .232  
F 6521.66***   4402.27***   6087.17***   5746.52***  
N 305,010   305,010   305,010   305,010  
N before weighting 13,741   13,741   13,741   13,741  
  1. *p < .05 **p < .01 ***p < .001 (two-tailed test)