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Table 7 Descriptive variables

From: The relationship between social identification and local voting, and its interplay with personal and group discrimination among the descendants of Turkish immigrants in Western Europe

  Total sample Religious sample Min Max
Mean St. dev. Mean St. dev.
Age 24.8 4.8 24.6 4.7 18 35
Language proficiency 15.7 2.6 15.5 2.6 3 18
Hours worked per week 36.9 6.9 36.5 6.7 12 60
Monthly income 2.9 1.5 2.8 1.4 1 (Less than 550 €) 9 (More than 5000 €)
National-origin composition neighborhood 2.2 1.0 2.3 1.0 1 (No Turkish residents) 5 (Mostly Turkish residents)
National identification 3.3 1.0 3.2 1.0 1 (Very strongly) 5 (Very weakly)
Turkish identification 3.9 1.1 4.1 1.0 1 (Very strongly) 5 (Very weakly)
Islamic identification 3.7 1.3 4.2 1.0 1 (Very strongly) 5 (Very weakly)
Perceived group discrimination of Turkish-origin individuals 3.1 1.1 3.1 1.1 1 (Never) 5 (Frequently)
Perceived group discrimination of Muslims 3.6 1.2 3.6 1.2 1 (Never) 5 (Frequently)
Personal discrimination 2.0 1.0 2.0 1.0 1 (Never) 5 (Frequently)
N 1627 1229    
  1. Source: TIES surveys 2007/2008