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Table 5 Speeches explicitly related to emigrant issues classified by migrant background (Ecuador and Colombia). Total number and column percent. Source: Author’ own

From: Contained or represented? The varied consequences of reserved seats for emigrants in the legislatures of Ecuador and Colombia

Country Period MP NO YES TOTAL
Ecuador 2009–2013 NEMP 8,242 50 8,292
(97.2%) (40.0%) (96.4%)
EMP 237 75 312
(2.8%) (60.0%) (3.6%)
Total 8,479 125 8,604
*Chi-square = 1153.5. p-value < 0.01
Ecuador 2013–2017 NEMP 3.938 129 4,067
(98.0%) (65.5%) (96.5%)
EMP 80 68 148
(2.0%) (34.5%) (3.5%)
Total 4,018 197 4,215
*Chi-square = 586.4. p-value < 0.01
Colombia 2010–2014 NEMP 11,526 26 11,552
(99.0%) (76.5%) (98.9%)
EMP 120 8 128
(1.0%) (23.5%) (1.1%)
Total 11,646 34 11,680
*Chi-square = 158.33. p-value < 0.01
Colombia 2014–2018 NEMP 10,695 65 10,760
(98.6%) (67.7%) (98.3%)
EMP 156 31 187
(1.4%) (32.3%) (1.7%)
Total 10,851 96 10,947
*Chi-square = 539.5. p-value < 0.01