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Table 2 Frequency counts for rhetoric on the different approaches to migration governance

From: Managing or restricting movement? Diverging approaches of African and European migration governance

  African documents (32 documents) EU-Africa documents (24 documents) EU only documents (20 documents)
General Approaches mixed migration 0.6 (20) 0.25 (6) 0.1 (1)
right* AND dignity 0.8 (24) 2 (48) 0.7 (14)
partnership 3.3 (104) 16 (385) 16.3 (326)
Regulating Migration Legal AND migra* NOT illegal 4 (129) 9.3 (222) 10. 3 (205)
Circular AND migration 0.5 (15) 2.7 (65) 2.7 (54)
mobility 5.4 (173) 6.3 (152) 12.3 (245)
mobility AND legal 0.8 (25) 2.5 (60) 3.3 (65)
Controlling Migration irregular 4.9 (158) 4.5 (107) 8.5 (170)
fight* OR combat* 3.6 (114) 8.3 (199) 5.1 (101)
border management OR control 3.8 (121) 2.6 (63) 2.8 (56)
traffick* OR smuggl* 28.4 (910) 12.2 (292) 14.4 (247)
Return 4.3 (136) 5.2 (126) 8.7 (173)
voluntary AND return 1.1 (36) 2.8 (68) 3.3 (66)
  1. *is used to search for any word that begins with the root/stem of the word truncated by the asterisk. E.g. migrant, migration.