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Table 2 GDP and GNI per capita in $ and HDI, Russia compared with its neighbours and some relevant sending countries (2012) (World Bank 2018b and 2018c, UNDP 2017)

From: Shifts in the global migration order and migration transitions in Europe: the cases of Turkey and Russia

Country GDP per capita Difference with Russia in % GNI per capita Difference with Russia in % HDI/rank
Russia 14,612 100 13,860 100 0.778 (54)
Kazakhstan 11,935 86 11,380 82.1 0.757 (70)
Turkey 10,666 76.2 10,950 79 0.759 (69)
Turkmenistan 7987 57 6880 49.6 0.698 (103)
Azerbaijan 7392 52.8 6030 43.5 0.747 (75)
China 6807 46.6 6560 47.3 0.719 (91)
Ukraine 3867 27.6 3960 28.6 0.734 (83)
Georgia 3508 25 3570 25.8 0.744 (81)
Armenia 3338 23.8 3790 27.3 0.730 (87)
Moldova 2038 14.6 2460 17.7 0.663 (114)
Uzbekistan 1878 13.4 1900 13.7 0.661 (116)
Kirgizstan 1263 9 1200 8.7 0.628 (125)
Tajikistan 1037 7.4 990 7.1 0.607 (133)