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Table 1 Individual equality dimension (1980–2008)

From: Exchange rates and immigration policy

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Individual Equality Dimensiont − 1     0.774a (0.080)  
MRERij 1.697a (0.470) 1.566a (0.433) 1.046b (0.319) 0.457d (0.254) 0.797c (0.322)
GDP per Capitaj (US$ in Thousands)   0.007 (0.012) 0.009 (0.018) 0.010 (0.013) 0.038a (0.009)
Immigrant Electoratei    0.035a (0.008) 0.005 (0.008) 0.031c (0.016)
Trade Union Densityi    0.005d (0.003) −0.001 (0.001) 0.000 (0.003)
Right-Wing Populist Vote Sharei    −0.026c (0.011) −0.007d (0.004) 0.002 (0.004)
Year 1990 0.085a (0.000) 0.076a (0.016) 0.048d (0.029)   −0.013 (0.023)
Year 2002 0.294a (0.015) 0.257a (0.060) 0.274c (0.124) 0.087d (0.051) −0.055 (0.056)
Year 2008 0.266a (0.013) 0.187 (0.133) 0.164 (0.225) −0.128 (0.123) −0.374b (0.116)
Country Fixed Effects     
Year Fixed Effects
Observations 40 40 40 30 40
Countries 10 10 10 10 10
R2 0.304 0.306 0.529 0.912 0.941
  1. Ordinary least square analysis of Individual Equality Dimension, measuring the extent to which migrants are entitled to various rights other than cultural and religious rights. The constant is included, but not reported in the table. Panel-corrected standard errors are in parentheses. a, b, c, and d indicate statistical significance levels of .1, 1, 5, and 10 percent, respectively