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Table 4 Marginal effect (at the average of all coefficients) of being employed, Canada and Sweden, 2015 / 2016

From: Polish immigrants and their children in Canada and Sweden, employment status and income patterns

  Canada Sweden
Coef s.e sig coef s.e Sig  
Female
 Observations 7,961,200    2,342,739    
 R2 0.09    0.15    
 Native-born not Polish (comparison)        
 Native-born with 1 parent born in Poland 0.02 0.01   − 0.04 0.00 ***
 Native-born with 2 parents born in Poland 0.00 0.01   − 0.07 0.01 ***
 Immigrant from Poland − 0.27 0.01 *** − 0.38 0.00 ***
 Other immigrant − 0.31 0.00 *** − 0.48 0.00 ***
Male
 Observations 7,650,415    2,407,648    
 R2 0.1    0.12    
 Native-born not Polish (comparison)        
 Native-born with 1 parent born in Poland 0.00 0.01   − 0.05 0.00 ***
 Native-born with 2 parents born in Poland − 0.01 0.01   − 0.09 0.01 ***
Immigrant from Poland − 0.10 0.01 *** − 0.25 0.00 ***
 Other immigrant − 0.14 0.00 *** − 0.40 0.00 ***
  1. The 2016 Census of Canada is a 25% sample of Canadian households. As per Statistics Canada requirement we show the weighted number of observations
  2. Significance: *0.1; **0.05; ***0.01
  3. Regressions control for age, age squared, years in the host country for immigrants, years in the host country squared, schooling, marital status, number of children and residence in the 3 largest cities
  4. Indicates that the coefficients for Canada and Sweden are statistically different from each other at the 0.05 level