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Violent Democracies and their Emigrants

How do violent democratic politics affect both state- and migrant-driven political transnationalism? And how does migrant transnationalism affect violent democratic politics in sending countries? Violent democracies are countries in which the legitimate means to accessing power is no longer violently contested (it is through competitive elections), yet a multitude of actors regularly use violence as a means of competing within established democratic institutional frameworks. They comprise major migrant-sending countries, such as Bolivia, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the Philippines.

Drawing on a variety of research methods, and using evidence from various regions of the world, the collection of articles’ focus on migrant political transnationalism involving political regimes where institutionalized electoral competition and civic rights and freedoms interact

closely with informal, hidden, and illicit violent practices yields novel insights. Concretely, the particular nature of politics in violent democracies uniquely affects modes of transnational political engagement as well as migrants’ sense of political agency and purpose. Additionally, transnational migrants’ resources and cross-border networks contribute to deepening and internationalizing existing violent democratic practices. Moreover, state-to-emigrant outreach does not necessarily foster competition and inclusion, but can instead reinforce violent democratic orders.

Edited by Clarissa Perez-Armendariz

Plural violence(s) and migrants’ transnational engagement with democratic politics: the case of Colombians in Europe
By Anastasia Bermudez
Published on: 15 June 2022

Transnational gangs and criminal remittances: a conceptual framework
By Michael Ahn Paarlberg
Published on: 08 June 2022

New Content Item (1)

The journal of Comparative Migration Studies has of June 2022 received its first Web of Science Impact Factor score. We are happy to report Journal Citation Report (JCR) rating of 4.417!


The journal Comparative Migration Studies (CMS) invites applications for several new members of the Editorial Board. In particular, CMS invites non-European scholars working on migration and (migration-related) diversity from various disciplines, including sociology, demography, anthropology, political sciences, law, geography and economics.

Comparative Migration Studies is an international peer-reviewed journal that has been selected for inclusion in the Web of Science. CMS is associated with the IMISCOE Research Network. CMS distinguishes itself as a journal on three elements:

  • An explicit comparative orientation. We believe that a focus on comparative research can promote the theoretical development of migration studies. This can involve various types of comparative studies (between countries, groups, levels, historical periods).
  • A wide disciplinary angle. CMS aims to develop a wide disciplinary angle, such as political science, economics, law, history, demography, social geography, sociology, cultural studies, literature, psychology and anthropology.
  • An open access journal. We believe open access nowadays is the best way to get the widest possible exposure for the work published in our journal. Publishing your articles with CMS means that other scholars will have easy access to your work and will be more likely to actually read it and refer to it. Open access publishing is not without costs.

In order to develop the journal further, and to make sure that all relevant disciplines and methodological traditions are well represented, the editorial board will be expanded. We invite applications from scholars from various disciplines:

  • working in the field of migration studies
  • special interest in comparative research
  • quantitative research background

Being member of the editorial board means that you will be involved in policymaking regarding the journal and that as editor you will be in charge of reviewing articles that are in your area of expertise (on average a couple of hours per month).

Applications should include 1 A4 with a motivation letter and a full CV. The current editorial board will select a number of applicants for a personal meeting. Subsequently, we expect to add 3 new members to the editorial board of CMS starting from September this year. Applications should be sent to info@comparativemigrationstudies.org no later than July 15, 2022. For more information on the journal, please visit www.comparativemigrationstudies.com .

Editors in Chief of CMS

Prof.dr. Sawitri Saharso
Prof.dr. Peter Scholten

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